Category Archives for "Rifle"

Sep 26

Best Rimfire Scope Under $100

By Archer | Rifle , Rifle Scopes Reviews , Scopes

You have got your rifle ready, all cleaned, and oiled, ready for some shooting.

From your past experiences, getting on target in the wilderness wasn’t easy. The fog and heat were affecting your aim.The iron sight which you thought would suffice but alas, you know need a scope. But which scope? What kind of scope?

Here we got you the things to consider for the best Rimfire Scope under $100:

  • Right Fit
  • Durability
  • Waterproof
  • Fog proof capabilities
Right Fit

Many newbies will think that a bigger objective lens would provide a better view and accuracy in aim. But often, a bigger lens meant a higher point to focus your eye on the center of the lens, and this makes your cheek leave the butt of the rifle. This makes an uncomfortable shooting position.

Durability, Waterproof, Fog proof

In many cases, the shooting is carried out in the woods or swamps, where the terrain is hostile. There are rocks, soil, winds, rain, fog, etc. You need a scope which can take falls and stay in working condition, waterproof and fog proof. Or else, you are back to your iron sight aim again.

With these factors considered, let’s take a look at the best rimfire scope under $100.

Best Rimfire Scope Under $100 Comparison Table

Let’s go into the details.

 Nikon ProStaff Rimfire with BDC ReticleSimmons Truplex .22 Mag RiflescopeSimmons 22 Mag TruPlexReticle Riflescope with Rings (Black Matte, 4x32-mm)TASCO MAG39X32D Rimfire Series 3-9x 32mm 30/30 Reticle .22 Riflescope (Matte Finish)Bushnell 613510B Rimfire Optics Scope with Dropzone 22 Reticle, 3.5-10x36mm, Matte Black
Power & Objective3-9 x 40mm3-9 x 32mm4 x 32mm3-9 x 32mm3.5-10 x 36mm
At a GlanceFull lifetime warranty.Lightest weight on the list for variable magnification scope.Fixed magnification.
Cheapest on the list.
Magenta coating (reduced reflection, fully coated optics throughout).Dawn and dusk brightness multi-coated lenses.
Price (USD)Check PriceCheck PriceCheck PriceCheck PriceCheck Price
Best Rimfire Scope Under $100
In A Hurry?
The Simmons 22 Mag TruPlexReticle Riflescope with Rings is my favorite out of the 4, you can check it out on Amazon here.

1. Nikon Prostaff Rimfire with BDC Reticle, 3-9 x 40mm

Nikon Prostaff Rimfire with BDC Reticle, 3-9 x 40mmFeatures:

  • Power & Objective: 3-9×40
  • Field of View: 11.3 – 33.8 ft @ 100 yds.
  • Tube Diameter: 1 inch
  • Eye Relief: 3.6 inch
  • Weight: 13.1 oz
Pros Cons
  • Full lifetime warranty
  • Wide Objective lens
  • Compatible with Nikon’s Spot-On Ballistic software
  • Price

Nikon backs its products with a full lifetime warranty and that means they are confident in their quality. The Prostaff Rimfire 3-9 x 40mm scope is made for those who hunts and shoots at low light conditions like early morning and late afternoon. The multi-coated optics let for 98% of all available light to pass through the lenses which make a brighter picture than cheaper scopes.

If you are aiming to be a sharpshooter, you are in luck. The scope is compatible with Nikon’s Spot-On Ballistics software which helps you utilize different data points to make sure the bullets you use are properly aligned with the scope.

It is nitrogen filled and o-ring sealed ensuring it to be fog-proof, great for harsh conditions.

Verdict: 4 out of 5 stars (4 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Nikon Prostaff Rimfire with BDC Reticle, 3-9 x 40mm on Amazon

2. Simmons Truplex .22 Mag Riflescope

Simmons Truplex .22 Mag Riflescope

  • Power & Objective: 3-9×32
  • Field of View: 10.5 – 31.4 ft @ 100 yds.
  • Tube Diameter: 1 inch
  • Eye Relief: 3.75 inch
  • Weight: 10 oz
Pros Cons
  • Lightweight
  • Low price
  • Low light transmission

This Simmons Truplex .22 Mag Riflescope is a low priced scope with decent magnification range and comes with lenses which are resistant to scratch, glare, and reflection. It is also nitrogen-filled which prevents fogging.

Though the lenses are well coated, it is not made for shooting in poorer light conditions like the early morning and late afternoon. The 92% of light transmission is suitable for sunny days.

Verdict: 3.5 out of 5 stars (3.5 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Simmons Truplex .22 Mag Riflescope on Amazon

3. Simmons 22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Riflescope with Rings (Black Matte, 4×32-mm)


  • Power & Objective: 4×32
  • Field of View: 21 ft @ 100 yds.
  • Tube Diameter: 1 inch
  • Eye Relief: 4 inch
  • Weight: 8.6 oz
Pros Cons
  • Price
  • Generous eye relief
  • Lightweight
  • Narrow field of view

On our list, we have the only fixed magnification scope. Before you go despising on the inflexibility, let me list the pros.

The scope is light weight, cheap, plenty of eye relief, waterproof, fog-proof, shockproof (because of no moving lenses), and durable.

If you are an experienced shooter who loves small game hunting, this is your scope.

Verdict: 4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Simmons 22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Riflescope with Rings (Black Matte, 4×32-mm) on Amazon

4. TASCO MAG39X32D Rimfire Series 3-9x 32mm 30/30 Reticle .22 Riflescope (Matte Finish)

TASCO MAG39X32D Rimfire Series 3-9x 32mm 30/30 Reticle .22 Riflescope (Matte Finish)

  • Power & Objective: 3-9×32
  • Field of View: 6 – 17.75 ft @ 100 yds.
  • Tube Diameter: 1 inch
  • Eye Relief: 3 inch
  • Weight: 11.3 oz
Pros Cons
  • Magenta coating
  • Reduced reflection
  • Fully coated optics throughout
  • Price
  • Stingy eye relief
  • Narrow field of view

This is our third low priced scope on our list. In fact it is the cheapest among the variable magnification scopes.

  • It offers a decent range of magnification and weight.
  • The downsides to being low-priced are the narrow field of view and eye relief.
  • This scope is for those on a tight budget.

Verdict: 4 out of 5 stars (4 / 5)

Click here for reviews of TASCO MAG39X32D Rimfire Series 3-9x 32mm 30/30 Reticle .22 Riflescope (Matte Finish) on Amazon

5. Bushnell 613510B Rimfire Optics Scope with Dropzone 22 Reticle, 3.5-10x36mm, Matte Black

Bushnell 613510B Rimfire Optics Scope with Dropzone 22 Reticle, 3.5-10x36mm, Matte Black

  • Power & Objective: 3.5-10×36
  • Field of View: 10.4 – 30 ft @ 100 yds.
  • Tube Diameter: 1 inch
  • Eye Relief: 3.4 inch
  • Weight: 15 oz
Pros Cons
  • Wide objective lens
  • Wide field of view
  • Good range of magnification
  • Price
  • Weight

And now we come to our heavyweight. Yes, the heaviest on the list. But don’t let the weight scare you off. The Bushnell 613510B Rimfire Optics Scope with Dropzone 22 Reticle, 3.5-10x36mm, Matte Black has the second widest Objective lens on the list at 36mm which allows more light to transmit and that allows more eye relief. This makes the shooting experience very comfortable. You want to be comfortable when you are aiming at your target. The generous light transmission also lets you enjoy your shooting at dawn and dusk. And did I mention the field of view?

At 3.5x magnification, you can see a field view of 30 feet at 100 yards. Coupled with the good light transmission, you can comfortably prone at a dawn, aim, and take down your prey.

Verdict: 3.5 out of 5 stars (3.5 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Bushnell 613510B Rimfire Optics Scope with Dropzone 22 Reticle, 3.5-10x36mm, Matte Black on Amazon

Conclusion on the Best Rimfire Scope Under $100

Now we have come to the end of our review of the best rimfire scope under $100, I can simply summarize this, “You get what you pay for.” The materials, chemicals, and engineering costs involved in designing and making the scope shows on the price.

If you are serious in your shooting and wants to be involved in the sport for a long time, get the Nikon as it comes with a full lifetime warranty.

If you are new and just want to have a feel of using a scope, we suggest the fixed magnification scope, Simmons 22 Mag TruPlex Reticle Riflescope with Rings (Black Matte, 4×32-mm). It is light, cheap, and durable.

Now, get your rifle ready, steady, shoot!

Got money to spare?
Then check out our article for Best Long Range Scope Under $1000
Apr 01

Best Entry Level Rifle Scope

By Archer | Reviews , Rifle , Scopes

Thinking about dabbling in a bit of rifle shooting?

Whether you’re a prospective hunter or target shooter, you will want a good quality rifle scope that is suited to your needs yet isn’t too pricey. In this guide, you will be able to choose the best entry level rifle scope for you. Here are 4 rifle scopes which are under USD$300 to help you make that choice.

 Leupold VX-Freedom 3-9x40mm Rifle ScopeNikon MONARCH 3 BDC Riflescope, Black, 2-8x32Redfield Revolution 4-12x40mm Accu-RangeBushnell Engage Riflescope, 2.5-10x44mm, Matte Black
Magnification Power3-9x2-8x4-12x2.5-10
Objective Lens Size (mm)40324044
Field of View
(feet at 100 yards)
Eye Relief
4.2 -
Weight (oz)11.213.413.119.3
Length (inches)12.611.512.313.6
Price ($USD)Check PriceCheck PriceCheck PriceCheck Price

In A Hurry?
The Leupold VX-Freedom 3-9x40mm Rifle Scope is my favorite out of the 4 scopes, you can check it out on Amazon here.

1. Leupold VX-Freedom 3-9x40mm Rifle Scope

Leupold is renowned for its high quality scopes and here we have one of the more affordable scopes offered by the company. The scope itself is meant for medium-ranged targets and has a rugged design.

The Leupold Quantum Optical System consists of matching refractive index lenses which maximise light transmission. This together with the DiamondCoat lens coatings which reduce glare, make for great image quality. To be fogproof and waterproof, the scope is purged with an argon-krypton gas mixture.

While there are some adjustment issues, the scope is generally high performing for its price.

Other features include its LR Duplex reticle and 6061-T6 quality aluminum.

Pros Cons
  • Lowest price on this list
  • Great image quality
  • Durable
  • Adjustment issues

Verdict: 4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Leupold VX-Freedom 3-9x40mm Rifle Scope on Amazon

2. Nikon Monarch 3 2-8x 32mm BDC, $299.00

Carrying the Nikon brand name, the Monarch 3 is light and easy to carry around. It has spring loaded zero-reset turrets which swapped out and their Ultra ClearCoat coatings protect the lenses.

The 1-inch tube with its Enhanced Mount Ring Spacing is nitrogen-purged and O-ring sealed, so the scope is safe for use in the field in all kinds of conditions. Furthermore, its unique Monarch 3 Eyebox and Spot On Ballistic Match technology make for fast target acquisition. What’s nice is the reference numbers that are easy to see and can be adjusted conveniently.

This rifles optics offers amazing clarity and light transmission. To top it off, the rifle comes with a lifetime warranty, a microfiber cleaning cloth and scope covers.

One issue however is that the body is considered flimsy in relation to other scopes and does not perform well in that respect.

Pros Cons
  • Light weight
  • Portable
  • Flimsy

Verdict: 4 out of 5 stars (4 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Nikon Monarch 3 2-8x 32mm BDC, $299.00 on Amazon

3. Redfield Revolution 4-12x40mm Riflescope

Redfield Revolution 4-12x40mm Riflescope

Combining quality and functionality is the Redfield Revolution 4-12x40mm Riflescope. The Illuminator Lens system brings together multi coated lens coatings to give a image clarity and a wide depth of view.

The scope uses a Rapid Target Acquisition eyepiece which helps locate the sweet spot behind when you’re looking through it. It is water, shock and fog proof. The eyepiece itself is also lockable.

The Redfield Revolution also has a longer range than the other scopes on this list and offers the greatest range is power magnifications. This is great if you’re out hunting and need to take shots at animals which will be often be positioned in different distances.

One issue that has been brought up is that there are issues with the mounting space. The windage and elevation adjusters are also described as not having a ‘positive click’ and can be difficult to get a feel for.

Pros Cons
  • Relatively long range
  • Good eye relief
  • Easy to zero in
  • Issues with windage and elevation
  • Short mounting space

Verdict: 4 out of 5 stars (4 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Redfield Revolution 4-12x40mm Riflescope on Amazon

4. Bushnell Engage Riflescope, 2.5-10x44mm, Matte Black

This Engage riflescope is packed with features considering the price. With its side parallax focus, aluminum main tube, and locking tactical turrets. It features the exo barrier coating which is meant to repel dirt, water, oil and dust.

It is fully-multi coated and has ultra-wide band coating which all come together to help with light transmission. One unique feature is the deploy MOA reticle which is highly flexible and caters to all sorts of shooters.The 0.18-MOA crosshairs are made to be thick and easy to see without being obstructive. At every 1-MOA are hash marks which aid in hold over and the hash marks below the zero line are 2-MOA wide and this helps with accurate windage holds.There are hash marks at every 1-MOA for accurate elevation holdover.

One downside that this is quite a hefty piece of work and can be difficult to transport. At 19.3 ounces, this scope is about 30-40% heavier than the other scopes on this lost. This weight is likely attributed to the 44mm objective lens diameter which gathers light for the scope.

As a result, optical performance is great, especially for scopes this price

Pros Cons
  • Reticle meant for accurate calculations
  • Good Optical performance
  • Tactical look
  • Considerably larger and heavier
  • The lines thin, making it hard to find on the target

Verdict: 4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5)

Click here for reviews of Bushnell Engage Riflescope, 2.5-10x44mm, Matte Black on Amazon

Conclusion – Best Entry Level Rifle Scope

With the whole range of scopes nowadays, a beginner might have some difficulty choosing one. Choosing the best entry level rifle scope is important as shooting is a precision sport and the scope is the key piece of instrument for that.

$500 to Spare?
Then check out our article for Bеѕt Lоng Rаngе Sсоре Under $500
Man looking through the Rifle Scope
Jul 05

How to Sight in a Scope Without Shooting

By Archer | Rifle , Scopes , Tips

Getting Started

In case you haven’t found out already, sighting a rifle scope correctly is the most important part after you’ve bought a new scope. Yet one of the most basic preconceptions about it is that the best way to sight your newly bought rifle scope is…well..shooting it, right?

Not quite! What if I were to tell you that using a couple of easy to learn methods you can save yourself the trouble of wasting ammo for nothing.

The most important advantage when trying to sight a gun without shooting first, is saving ammunition for when it really matters. These methods will save you from any unnecessary shoulder recoil. Moreover they’ll give you an excellent reference to start sighting. A perfect sighted rifle ensures you that nothing dangerous is going to happen. Not to you, or anyone.

How to Sight in a Scope Without Shooting

There are 4 ways to sighting your scope without shooting, namely visual, laser, optical and magnetic. We will take a look at each of them and the necessary steps needed.

Visual Boresighting

One of the more traditional methods of sighting your rifle without shooting is a pretty straight-forward one. Boresighting is no more that aligning the center of the rifle’s barrel with it’s sights. It’s a quick and simple procedure (a couple of minutes), that will help you enjoy an accurate shooting day

Rifle With Silencer Close Up
Image Via Flickr CC: Samuel Johnson

Visual boresighting relies on your patience and discipline. For this, you will need to point your rifle on a steady platform (or a couple of sandbags) to give it stability. It is very important that your rifle remains still during the sighting process. After you remove the bolt, try looking with one eye through the bore centering your target (set at 100 m). Without moving the rifle fine-tune the knobs. The scope crosshairs align themselves with the target point. After zeroing the scope with the specific target point, you’ve got yourself a sighted rifle.

Another method, the so-called “mirror method”, involves (as you might have figured out), a mirror. You just need to place the mirror so far enough, that you can see your own reflection while looking through the scope. You need to point your rifle with the barrel straight in it’s own reflection. After that you can adjust the windage adjustment so that it’s lined up with the barrel.

Laser Boresighting

Of course, nowadays easier methods have been developed to aid rifle owners spend less time on sighting and more time on shooting. This can be achieved by using a device called a boresighter. It’s an instrument that mounts on the arbor and fits in the muzzle of the riffle. The laser boresight has the advantage of being in line with new technology. It’s a more professional alternative to manual doing the heavy work.

One of the main advantages of a laser bore is that it’s far more precise that using your eyes. And while visual boresighting counts for getting you on paper from 100 yards (25 m), the laser bore sighting method will put you much closer to center. Doing that will save you time and money. They come in two shapes: end mounted or bullet shaped. The first is installed at the end of the barrel, activating the laser, while the later goes into the chamber of the gun.

In both cases you can notice the laser point, while looking through the scope of the rifle. By carefully rotating the adjustment dials on the scope’s body all you need to do is to centre the crosshairs on the laser point. After that you’l have a perfectly zeroed firearm. Don’t forget to remove the boresighter before firing!

Optical Boresighting

An optical boresighter follows the same pattern. Just attach it at the end of the barrel and make sure that the lens is lines up with the scope. While looking through the grid of the lens, you should adjust the crosshairs to match the centre of the grid. Remove the optical boresighter and have a great time hunting!

Magnetic Boresighting

A lesser known, but effective method is using magnetic boresighters; You just need to attach them to the muzzle of your gun using strong magnets. The strong advantage in favor of magnetic boresighters is its versatility, fitting all gauges and calibers, without having to buy or use any additional parts. Moreover it’s an alternative for people who fear inserting anything in the barrel. It’s proven to be very effective when trying to zero a gun after transportation, hard drops, or high usage.

Costs and Rules

In order to choose the best boresighter for your particular rifle, you can consult somebody from your gun retailer’s office. Prices vary from $48 for a Sightmark .22LR Boresight to $150 for the SiteLite Ultra Mag Laser Professional Boresighter (laser bore sighter with a 40 hours autonomy).

Whatever method you may choose from the list, always be aware of a couple of rules that will keep you and others safe:

  • Keep the firearm pointed in a safe direction
  • Treat is as if it was loaded all the time
  • Always be sure of your target
  • Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot


Double Barrel Rifle
Apr 25

How To Break In A New Rifle Barrel

By Archer | Rifle , Tips

The technique of breaking in the barrel of a new rifle is more often than not, disregarded by uninitiated marksmen. Nevertheless, the break-in procedure is a subject that still continues to be a hot debated topics by seasoned sharpshooters. Are you a marksman still on the learning curve? Then you might be eager to find out about the various queries to breaking in a new rifle’s barrel.

The first question that’d obviously arise is how to break in a new rifle barrel? The question that inevitably follows is why does the new barrel of a rifle need breaking-in? Is there any scientific procedure that needs to be followed for completing the break-in task?

Rifle Barrel Front Shot
Image Via Flickr CC: kyle post

Brand new rifles come with barrels whose steel bores are somewhat uneven characterized by microscopic spots, feathers, and burs that have rough edges. Evening out these blemishes goes a long way in achieving a polished bore. This helps the barrel to propel the ammo with greater speed and accuracy ultimately leading to a better shot. The necessity to abide by the barrel break-in method will depend upon whether your rifle is a custom-made product or mass-produced.

The Rifle Break-In Process in a Nutshell

Contrary to what you might think, the entire issue of barrel break-in is usually regarded as nebulous and hence misunderstood more often. You will be pleasantly surprised to learn that the steps involved in the whole technique (of barrel break-in) are simple to follow. Almost all shooters are more or less aware of the basic concept. Manuals and leaflets provided with customized as well as factory produced rifles outline the barrel breaking-in procedure.

You can browse on the net for websites and portals that offer a step-by-step explanation on how to get started and complete the process. The information may vary in terms of specifics from one website to another. However most techniques recommend you to fire a series of 1, 3, and 5 shots in succession followed by cleaning the barrel after every round of 1, 3, and 5 shots.

The Break-In Steps

The break-in steps that you’d to follow in order to accomplish a steady accuracy from the new rifle have been outlined below:

  • Fire 1 round and clean-follow this technique for the next 10 shots
  • Shoot a series or succession of three shots and clean-complete at least 15 rounds, each time firing three shots and then cleaning the bore
  • In the last stage, fire five shots, thereafter clean, and then fire a copper fouling shot. Close the process by firing three shots for the purpose of accuracy

Man Shooting With a Rifle
Image via Pixabay CC0

Take into consideration that shooting every round in rapid succession may lead to the bore of the rifle getting intensely hot. So, you might end up choking the barrel if you persist with your firing. The remedy is to let the bore cool down sufficiently after you’ve fired a round. You can run your fingers over the barrel or poke a finger inside to feel the degree of hotness.

Dos and Don’ts About How to Break in a New Rifle Barrel

While cleansing the barrel, simply abide by the ensuing instructions:-

  • Always use a good quality cleaning rod. Preferably one made from carbon fiber that’ll not abrade the copper layering or damage the muzzle crown or bore yet cleanse thoroughly
  • Always start cleaning from the chamber end
  • The greater the deposit of copper and powder dust/fouling in the bore’s grooves, the less intense will be the grip of the bullet by the rifling. Get rid of all powdery and coppery residue inside the barrel using a high-quality solvent like Sweet 7.62 Solvent or Hoppe’s No. 9 Gun Bore Cleaning Solvent
  • Clearing the bore of copper fouling takes quite an effort. Go for another cleaning round by using a copper fouling remover including J-B and Shooter’s Choice. Wrap a strip of Scotch Brite around the cleaning rod and dip it in the solvent. The patching should be thick enough for the rod to move to and fro inside the barrel thoroughly. Never use a naked brush, ensure you’ve made a good patch on it or on the cleaning rod before cleaning.
  • Run the cleaning rod  back and forth 5-6 times so that the coat is perfectly smeared throughout the bore and thereafter leave aside the bore for about a couple of hours
  • Now you can run the patch 15-20 times for getting rid of the copper fouling
  • Never use an aluminum or stainless steel cleaning rod
  • Also refrain from leaving solvents containing concentrated ammonia for a long time inside the bore-as it can cause erosion of the copper layering


So what is your take-away from the barrel breaking-in process related with a new rifle? Always keep in mind that all this hue and cry about barrel break-in is not just about fulfilling a trend. After all, you want to fire shots with accuracy and to do that you’d have to make sure that the bore stays at all times.

Since the bore tends to pick up impurities in the form of copper fouling, you’d need to clean it from time to time. Also the steel bore of a new rifle will have tiny burrs and patches. For filing these, breaking-in the barrel would be necessary. Remember to clean from the barrel end and not the muzzle end. Using a bore scope helps in positioning the cleaning rod concentrically and always opt for a rod made of carbon fiber instead of one made from aluminum or stainless because you want to avoid scratching or abrading the bore or chamber.

** Are you thinking of investing in a rifle scope? Check these articles out:

Rifle Scope Close Up
Apr 05

What Do The Numbers Mean On A Rifle Scope?

By Archer | Rifle , Scopes , Tips

What Do The Numbers Mean On A Rifle Scope?

No one scope is right for the job! Being able to see the sight and target both clearly at the same time is the key to hitting that bull’s eye.

With so many jargons ad endless models of scopes floating around, I hope this article will help you understand the terminology and what do the numbers mean on a rifle scope so you can make a better decision when it comes to choosing The One.

What is a Rifle Scope?

A rifle scope is also known as a telescopic sight. It is a sighting device that is based on an optical refracting telescope. These devices are used in all types of systems that requires accurate aiming. They are most commonly found on firearms, more particularly rifles.

Man With Long Rifle
Image Via Flickr CC: Viewminder

These scopes can help out more than one thing. For one, they relieve the shooter of the worry of lining up the front sight with the rear sight and lose focus on the target while lining up the sights. In this article, I will be writing about what the numbers mean on a rifle scope and their purpose.

What are the Magnification Types for Rifle Scopes?

The main topic is the numbers in the scope. They measure the magnification power rating of a rifle scope. The magnification refers to how much larger an object will appear when looking through the scope in comparison to how it would look using just the naked eye. The numbers just tells you how powerful the magnification power in a scope.

There are two types of rifle scope magnification. The first one is the scope with a fixed magnification, though they’re not as popular as they used to be but they still have some uses. These scopes are set at a specific zoom ratio. The most popular configurations of this type are 4×32, 6×42 and 10×42.

The second one is the scope with a variable magnification scope. This type of scope can change the zoom ratio of the image you will see. It’s like adjusting your camera lenses manually before you shot that perfect picture by just rotating that magnification ring at the front of the eyepiece.

Ruger Rifle with a Mueller Rifle Scope
Image Via Flickr CC: Mitch Barrie
A Ruger 10/22 rifle with a Mueller APV 4.5-14×40 rifle scope.

What is Variable Power?

Many scopes have variable power as shown in the image (Mueller APV 4.5-14×40 rifle scope) above. The first number on the rifle scope connotes its magnification power. For example, 4.5-14×40 means the scope has a magnification power ranging from 4.5x on the low end to 14x on the high end and a variable magnification with a 40mm target lense.

To simplify, you will see the image 4.5 to 14 times bigger by just adjusting that magnification ring right in front of the eyepiece. The fourty (40) is the diameter of the objective lens in millimeters. The way you can describe this scope is “four point five to fourteen by forty”.

The objective lens is found in the objective bell that is in front of the scope. Do note the larger the objective lens size the brighter the image through the scope appears but larger lenses are heavier and can add a bit more weight the scope.

What are the Uses for Different Magnification Scope?

Lower magnifying scopes, like with the numbers of 1-5x are best used for close range or quick shooting like turkey hunting. The most common zoom scopes is the 3-9x. These scopes are good for everyday hunting uses such as deer or prairie dog hunting. Can be use for close range or long range shots with good accuracy. The newer scope models have a magnification of 8 or more; for example the 9-12x scopes, it is pretty much used exclusively for long range target shooting and competition shooting.

The ring on the back of a scope indicates what setting is selected. These scopes are popular as they allow the user to choose different power settings. Low power for close range while high power for precision? A good variable scope gives you the best of both worlds.

In the fixed rifle scope, the numbers have the same meaning as the variable scope as explained above. The difference is the user cannot adjust the magnification power for a fixed magnification scope.


Here is a little tip, when choosing the best long range rifle scope you have to consider, as magnification increases the brightness diminishes. For example a scope at 4x magnification power the image in the scope will be brighter with a 50mm objective lens than with a 32mm lens.

Not all scopes have variable magnification. A few scopes have fixed magnification but if you’re planning for a long range hunt or target practice then you better choose the scope that have a variable magnification instead of a fixed one.

So there you have it. I have explained the meanings of those numbers in the scope a bit thoroughly. Hopefully you understand this information and make use of this to better buying decisions.